EPAs lead to quality work at predictable costs by providing a regular supply of skilled labour, avoiding work stoppages and creating uniform wages and safe working conditions. On February 17, 2001, President George W. Bush signed Executive Order 13202 with 13202 “Preservation of Open Competition and Government Neutrality Neutrality Towards Government Contractors Labor Relations on Federal and Federally Funded Construction Projects,” which prohibits the use of AS for construction projects with federal funds.  This order stipulated that construction projects receiving federal funding could not impose project employment contracts.  In particular, the regulation stated that neither the federal government nor a federal supporting authority may require or prohibit building contractors from signing union agreements as a precondition for carrying out work on publicly funded construction projects.  The order authorized the continuation of all previously agreed-upon SAAs and did not apply to projects that did not receive federal funding.  Bush`s order revoked the old executive order that concerned plas, the Clinton Order in 12836, which gave President George H.W. Bush`s executive order in 1992.  In April 2001, President George W. Bush introduced an amendment authorizing the exclusion of certain projects from this injunction if, at the time of the injunction, a contract had already been awarded under an existing PLA.  A number of politicians disagree with the use of agreements for publicly funded construction projects and have introduced draft laws or implementing regulations prohibiting the use of agreements for government projects or preventing the use of public funds for projects using AOPs.    These include Louisiana Senate Bill 76, introduced by Senator Danny Martiny, which prohibits state governments from requiring an PLA for publicly funded projects.  This law was passed in June 2011 and made Louisiana the 5th state in 2011 to prohibit contractors from using SAs for publicly funded construction projects.
 A typical People`s Liberation Army will establish uniform standards for wages, social benefits, working time, overtime, holidays, claims procedures, dispute resolution, etc. These are areas that can vary between unions or contractors, and an PLA helps the owner or his site manager coordinate labour relations in the project in the most efficient way possible. PDOs are licensed under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), 29 U.S.C. §§ 151-169. Sections 8(e) and (f) of the NRA, 29 U.S.C §§ 158 (e) and (f) make specific exceptions to other NLRA requirements to allow employers to enter into pre-employment contracts with construction industry unions.  Family Support Employment Contracts, also known as Community Workforce Agreements or PLAs, are a proven way to build the foundations of America, from the Hoover Dam to the Washington Nationals baseball stadium. These agreements benefit working men and women, contractors, municipalities and taxpayers, ensuring that projects are completed on time and within budget, requiring staff training and encouraging public investment to benefit local communities. The agreements have been in use in the United States since the 1930s and were first discussed in the 1980s about their use in publicly funded projects.
In these cases, government agencies have made the signing of CSAs a prerequisite for working on tax-funded projects. This type of PLA, known as a state-mandated pla, is different from a PLA that is voluntarily received by contractors for public or private works, as authorized by the NLRA – and a PLA mandated by a private body for a privately funded construction project. . . .