Vereeniging Agreement

(1) BURGHER`s troops on the ground “shall immediately lay down their arms, return to their possession or control all arms, rifles and ammunition of war, and shall refrain from opposing the authority of HIS MAJESTY KING EDWARD VII, whom they recognize as their legitimate sovereigns. Messrs. W.J.C. Brebner, C.R. de Wet, J.B.M. Hertzog and C.H. Olivier, who act as the government of the ORANGE FREE STATE on behalf of their respective citizens. On May 15, the command elected 30 delegates from each pre-war republic and met in Vereeniging. The debate was heated and divided among the Transvaalians who wanted to end the war, as the living conditions of civilians from Buren to Transvaal were desperate due to divisions that developed there among the Burean population, while the free states wanted to continue the war. [1]:463-4 The signing of Vereeniging`s contract at Melrose House, Pretoria, on 31 May 1902 by Douglas Macpherson.

6. The possession of rifles is allowed in transvaal and ORANGE`RIYER COLONY to persons who need them for their protection if they acquire a license in accordance with the law. For the Government of the Free State of Oranje, Messrs.C.R. de Wet, J.B.M. Hertzog, C.H. Olivier and WCJ Bebner. On April 12, a ten-year delegation visited Melrose House in Pretoria and met with General Kitchener, who brought a seven-point proposal for a friendship contract. Their position was to return to a pre-war status quo for the republics with certain changes such as a trade union with the British colonies, votes for the Uitlanders, identical languages in schools and an amnesty. [1:462 Kitchener was astonished, but he forwarded the proposal to London, knowing that it would not be accepted, but wished that the dialogue between the two parties would continue. [1:462 Alfred Milner took the 14th Meanwhile, Kitchener silently dropped the news in Smuts` ear that he expected the London government to fall within two years and that a new government could agree to change the colony for the benefit of africans. The conditions were presented to the Buren on the 21st at Vereeniging and, against Milner`s advice, the British government wired the adoption on the 27th A painful final debate ensued in Vereeniging, but Steyn, ill, withdrew for health reasons and Wet was finally convinced.

Shortly after 2 p.m. on the 31st, the conditions were adopted by a vote of fifty-four to six. There were tears in many eyes. .